The aim of the Criminal Law is to punish people who commit legal crime through offences against other people, organization and society as a whole.
- Commencement of Action in Criminal Law
Criminal proceedings are initiated by both the police and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) but will all be brought in the name of the Crown.
- Burden of Proof in Criminal Law
Burden of Proof in a criminal law is on the Crown to prove the charge beyond reasonable doubt
Usually all cases related to criminal law initiate in the Magistrates’ Court. It depends on the nature and how serious is the offence that has been committed, the person who has been charged with a particular crime will be taken to the magistrate in the Magistrates’ Court; or to a judge and jury in the Crown Court.
It can be either acquittal or the criminal may be charged with a penalty. Penalties for criminal offences can be fine penalties, conviction and imprisonment, community sentence and sometimes a death sentence.
The remedy in criminal law is sentence to a punishment imposed by the state.